There are a number of factors that can cause increased pigmentation. UV radiation from sun exposure, changes in hormone levels, a familial tendency or even trauma to the skin can change pigmentation levels.

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It was often believed that well-tanned skin was a sign of healthy skin. However, when your skin tans it is actually being damaged. The sun’s ultraviolet rays are harmful to your skin cells and are able to penetrate to the deepest layers. In order to protect itself, the skin forms extra pigment to help absorb this UV radiation, but the cells can be very easily damaged and this can be permanent. With repeated exposure, the damage multiplies and increases the risk of skin cancers, in particular melanoma.

Anyone who has been sunburned can attest to damage done by UV radiation, while other damage can present itself in the form of age spots, dry skin, premature wrinkles, excessive freckles, allergic rashes and increased pigmentation.


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